The question as to whether or not Iraq actually used chemical weapon-loaded Scud missiles during the 1991 Gulf War is still an open one. Further to this, there still remain outstanding questions about the claims that Iraq possessed illegally-retained Scud Missiles in the period prior to the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. There is no complete record to draw upon and no one organisation has ever been seen to have compiled an exhaustive and comprehensive analysis.

- A review by a former member of the Dhahran Scud Watchers Club


Scud Missile Events - January 20th/21st 1991




SCUDWATCH NOTES: Z time is GMT, three hours behind Saudi local time. Comments, notes, highlighting and items of especial interest are added by SCUDWATCH.

Included for baseline comparison - taken from an unproven contemporaneous record (see Collection 4):


Log A extract


JANUARY 18th - 03:45 - Dhahran - 1 missile
(First Scud missile launch at Saudi Arabia)
JANUARY 20th - 21:45 - Dhahran - 3 missiles
JANUARY 21st - 00:50 - Dhahran - 3 missiles
JANUARY 21st - 00:50 - Riyadh - 3 missiles
JANUARY 21st - 01:30 - Dhahran - False Alarm
JANUARY 21st - 02:00 - Dhahran - False Alarm
JANUARY 21st - 03:30 - Dhahran - False Alarm

JANUARY 21st - 22:30 - Dhahran - 1 missile





January 20/21 chronology...




Extracted from: http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/dstorm/dsjan2.htm


DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
901 M STREET SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060


War Chronology : January 1991


20 Jan

DOD announces that over 7,000 sorties have been flown. Iraq launches nine SCUD missiles against Saudi Arabia. Two SCUDs aimed at Dhahran and six aimed at Riyadh are intercepted by U.S. Patriot missiles. One SCUD lands in Gulf waters off Dhahran. (2+6+1=9)

Five additional Iraqi aircraft have been destroyed in air-to-air engagements for a total of fifteen (10 MIG-29s, 4 Mirage F-1s, 1 MIG-23). DOD reports the loss of a USAF F-15 and two USAF F-16s. DOD reports 4 additional personnel listed as missing. U.S. has lost 8 aircraft and has 11 personnel listed as missing.

DOD announces that, to-date, 19 anti-ship mines have been discovered and destroyed in the northern Arabian Gulf. DOD also announces that there have been 6,968 intercepts and 830 boardings.

DOD announces that Iraqi artillery battery was destroyed by USN A-6 and USAF A-10 aircraft. USMC and USA troops continue in defensive mode in forward positions and there has been no direct ground confrontations. SECNAV activates 498 additional Naval reservists from 26 units.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: This account of 9 Scuds should include those launched at Dhahran at 21:45 on January 20th, and includes those launched at Riyadh at 00:50 (actually 00:44-00:52) on January 21st, this is believed to be the first Scud missile attack there.

This account doubles the number of Scud missiles launched at Riyadh, indicating 6 missiles launched in comparison to 3 missiles launched as recorded in the list above. Available sources seem to vary on the number of missiles (6 - 4 - 3) involved in the Riyadh attack. Therefore it is almost certain that the three missiles launched at Dhahran at 00:50 are not included in this entry, despite the fact that they occurred at the same time as the six missiles (?) at Riyadh, which are included here.


21 Jan

DOD announces over 8,000 sorties have been flown; air operations focus continues on neutralizing fixed/mobile SCUD launch sites and troop concentrations. A USN F-14 is downed by surface-to-air missile over Iraq. Pilot, LT Devon Jones and Radar Intercept Officer, LT Lawrence Slade of USS SARATOGA's Fighter Squadron 103 are missing. U.S. has lost 10 aircraft and has 13 personnel listed as missing.

U.S. ships have conducted nearly 7,000 maritime interceptions operations in regional waters. No direct ground confrontation.

U.S. warns Iraq will be held accountable for mistreatment of U.S. prisoners of war after Iraq announces captured Americans will be placed at strategic target sites as "human shields."

6 (6) Iraqi SCUD missiles fired into Saudi Arabia in three attacks over 12 hours. U.S. Patriot missiles intercept two SCUDs, one landed in the sea north west of Al Jubayl, two others fell into the desert. No injuries.

USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN-71) Carrier Battle Group arrives on station in the Persian Gulf region.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: This account might at first sight possibly seem to indicate 15 (9 on Jan 20th + 6 on Jan 21st) Scud launches during this two-day combined period?

This would be contrary to the above comparison list which notes 10 attacks against Saudi Arabia during the two-day combined period, and may suggest that some missile events were either reported twice in this account or were not counted elsewhere.

No more attacks were supposed to have occurred after 00:50 (00:52) January 21st until the one-missile 22:30 January 21st Scud event listed above which occurred the following evening, some twenty one-and-a-half hours later. This event is therefore quite considerably outside the twelve-hour time frame.

The 21:45 and 00:50 (00:44-00:52) missile attacks occured approximately three hours apart. The only other reported preceding event, the first of the war directed at Dhahran at 03:45 (04:28 ? - see further below) on January 18th, was nearly two days beforehand.

Why then, if there were no other missile attacks in this period, was there mention of these twelve hours? The account speaks of three attacks on January 21st, this could only hold true if it included the 21:45 20th January event and the 00:50 January 21st Dhahran attack was regarded separately from the 00:50 January 21st Riyadh attack, and no other attacks occurred. These three attacks were though only just over three hours apart.


© Department of the Navy; analysis by SCUDWATCH





XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS CHRONOLOGY
OPERATION DESERT STORM...




16-31 January 1991


Extracted from: http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/chronos/16jan91.htm


(January 18th-22nd reproduced here)


SCUDWATCH NOTE: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) log sheets are covered in greater detail in another section of this website. For comparison purposes this section contains notes indicating whether original format log sheets are known to exist.

18 January (C+161) (D+1)

SCUDWATCH NOTE: There are no original first format NBC log sheets available for this day.

0030 Airborne Command and Control Center reports that Iraqi forces have achieved a major breakthrough five minutes earlier at 290301N 463653E with follow-on forces positioned to the northeast. This report is later determined to be unconfirmed.

0300 Iraq launches SCUD missile. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 337 states that 0259-0327 eight SCUD missiles were launched; at least three proceeding towards Israel, one falling short in Jordan, one having catastrophic failure one minute into flight, and at least one aimed towards Dhahran being intercepted]

0303 Iraq launches first of seven SCUD missiles southwest towards Israel.

0330 Iraq launches SCUD missile.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: The target of this missile is not identified but this may be the first noted event shown on the comparison record shown at the top of this page, although given there as occurring at 03:45.

0340 Three SCUD missiles impact in Israel.

0435 Battery A, 2d Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery destroys SCUD with a Patriot missile. [Also reported with a time of 0428; 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade SITREP 146 (18 Jan 91) reports that the 2d Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery expended one missile defending Dhahran on this day]

SCUDWATCH NOTE: This entry records a January 18th missile event at 04:28/04:35. Elsewhere it is suggested that this event may have been the first Scud missile launched at Saudi Arabia.

0500 101st Airborne Division begins air movement to Rafha; by 2000Z eighty-five C-130 sorties had landed at Rafha. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 18 Jan 91]

0530 XVIII Airborne Corps NMIST reports a visual sighting of a SCUD missile heading south.

0532 XVIII Airborne Corps receives FLASH message that three SCUD missiles hit Al Khobar and the southeast corner of the Dhahran Air Base.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: This entry logs a three-missile attack not recorded elsewhere at this time or on this day(???)

0540 Nuclear-Biological-Chemical alarms go off at King Fahd International Airport; 101st Airborne Division dons protective masks until all-clear sounded at 0600.

0540 ARCENT G-3 relays to XVIII Airborne Corps G-3 a FLASH message sent by the 513th Military Intelligence Battalion at 0215Z (Z - 05:15 local Saudi time) confirming that two SCUD missiles were aimed at Dhahran, that one was engaged by a Patriot but that the other landed at Al Khobar, and that three large explosions were reported in Dhahran. The message also identified that Dhahran forces were at MOPP-4.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: Confirmation of the above as a two-missile event not recorded elsewhere (??????)

0600 Both 89th Military Police Brigade and ARCENT Support Command report no evidence of a SCUD missile impacting.

0600 101st Airborne Division movement from Camp EAGLE II begins with Rear Command Post remaining operational while Main Command Post deploys. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 163 (18 Jan 91)]

0618 Two XM-93 Fox NBC reconnaissance vehicles depart CHAMPION MAIN for DRAGON MAIN. [Also see 82d Airborne Division SITREP 168 (18 Jan 91; corrected copy) which states that these did reconnaissance of the vapor area of morning's SCUD engagement and therefore becamethe first XM-93 Fox vehicles used in combat]

0645 101st Airborne Division crosses its convoy start point.

0646 First XVIII Airborne Corps C-130 lands at Rafha.

0745 2d Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery reports possible SCUD launch.

0750 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade Tactical Command Post at King Khalid Military City projects the impact point of the 0745 launch as being King Khalid Military City.

0822 Further information indicates that the SCUD launch reported at 0745 was a false alarm.

0830 3d Armored Cavalry crosses its convoy start point.

0944 XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post starts deployment to Assembly Area MAPLE (MT 473086) with anticipation of arrival at 1000 on 19 January. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREPs, 2200Z 17 Jan and 18 Jan 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 144 (19 Jan 91) states time as 1222 and that movement of 32 officers, 2 warrant officers, and 237 enlisted personnel, plus 104 vehicles was accomplished in four serials, the first of which crossed the Corps Start Point for convoys at 1758 for a 373-mile motor march]

1200 Requirement for XVIII Airborne Corps to furnish guards for the Theater Ammunition Supply Point is rescinded.

1200 Battery B, 2d Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery, drops readiness status. [Task Force 2-1 Air Defense Artillery SITREP 73 (18 Jan 91)]

1345 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, relieved of ammunition supply point security mission and begins movement. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 163 (18 Jan 91)]

1445 18th Aviation Brigade advance detachment departs for Assembly Area PALM. [18th Aviation Brigade SITREP 102 (18 Jan 91)]

1500 Company D, 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry (197th Infantry Brigade, 24th Infantry Division) closes into Assembly Area WALNUT.

1520 101st Airborne Division Assault Command Post under BG Shelton (Assistant Division Commander for Operations) assumes command and control of Tactical Assembly Area CAMPBELL. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 163 (18 Jan 91)]

1600 Company C, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation (24th Infantry Division) closes into Assembly Area WALNUT.

1730 XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery Tactical Command Post departs for tactical assembly area. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 18 Jan 91]

1745 2d Battalion, 52d Air Defense Artillery (11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade) reports detecting multiple aircraft coming out of Talil Air Base.

1515Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #7 announces the publication on 18 January 1991 of Change 2 to XVIII Airborne Corps Operations Plan DESERT STORM with changes to Appendix 16 (Operations Overlay) to Annex C and Annex K (Command and Control Systems).

2026 Two AH-58D Kiowa Warriors from Troop B, 4th Squadron, 17th Cavalry, flying off the USS Nicholas (FFG-47) under US Navy operational control engage the eleven platforms of the Dorra offshore oil field with HELLFIRE missiles and 2.75" high explosive and flechette rockets in several passes; Iraqi occupation of the oil field eliminated; final evaluation of results is that 5 Iraqis were killed and 23 captured (some severely wounded). [Journal entry states time as 2314 and results as 4 killed and 17 captured; Also see Memorandum, 4th Squadron, 17th Cavalry, to 18th Aviation Brigade, subj.: Warrior OPSUM 1-91, 13-19 Jan 91, undated. NOTE: Initial report claims that only US Navy SEALs were involved]

2138 Warning issued of SCUD launch; all-clear sounded at 2150 and alert cancelled at 2155.

2330Z Last elements of 6th (French) Light Armored Division close into Assembly Area OLIVE. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91]

----- 24th Infantry Division forms Task Force VICTORY under command of LTC Cabell at MT 72260522, consisting of: the division Tactical Command Post; the division long-range surveillance detachment; one dismounted infantry company (73 personnel) from the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry; one air cavalry troop; one AH-64 Apache company from the 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation; the 24th Military Police Company (-); two platoons of Vulcans; and combat service support "slices." Task Force with BG Scott provides command and control for movement into sector. A second AH-64 company will be added to the task force on 19 January. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 18 Jan 91]

----- 3d Battalion, 8th Field Artillery, completes guard duty at Ammunition Supply Point SKIBBIE. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 18 Jan 91]

----- 519th Military Intelligence Battalion deploys one interrogation of prisoners of war team and one AN/TLQ-17A(V3) jammer to support 3d Armored Cavalry. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 108 (18<2> Jan 91)]

----- 1st Cavalry Division reports all forces have closed into locations north of the Trans-Arabian Pipeline Road. [1st Cavalry Division SITREP 115 (18 Jan 91)]

19 January (C+162) (D+2)

NBC log sheets 1 (00:01-06:13) and 3 (16:35-23:30) are available for this day.

----- Nine-member 82d Airborne Division liaison team joins 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 165 (19 Jan 91)]

----- Quartering parties for the 82d Airborne Division Rear Command Post and all division major subordinate commands arrive in Tactical Assembly Area PLUM, with the Rear Command Post starting site construction at LT 613594. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 165 (19 Jan 91)]

----- 82d Airborne Division intratheater C-130 flow from Ab Qaiq to Rafha is only able to launch 3 of 24 planned flights before bad weather at Rafha halts flow. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 165 (19 Jan 91)]

----- This evening 82d Airborne Division receives its first 167 replacements under the Combat Replacement Center system. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 165 (19 Jan 91)]

----- All elements of the 12th Aviation Brigade except the 5th Squadron, 6th Cavalry, have closed into Assembly Area SPRUCE. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91]

----- Advance detachment of 18th Aviation Brigade arrives in Assembly Area PALM. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91; 18th Aviation Brigade SITREP 103 (19 Jan 91)]

----- Advance detachment of 18th Field Artillery Brigade departs for Assembly Area OLIVE. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 19 Jan 91; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91]

----- First of two C-5s arrive in theater with 50 personnel and 11 vehicles of the advance detachment from the 196th Field Artillery Brigade. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 19 Jan 91]

----- 16th Military Police Brigade identifies the 759th Military Police Battalion as furnishing two platoons to augment security at the XVIII Airborne Corps Main and Tactical Command Posts. [16th Military Police Brigade SITREP 124 (19 Jan 91)]

----- 519th Military Intelligence Battalion deploys one interrogation of prisoners of war platoon to 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP {109} (19 Jan 91)]

----- Headquarters Company, 360th Civil Affairs Brigade, closes into theater; lead elements of 422d Civil Affairs Company begin arriving. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91]

----- 422d Civil Affairs Company (Greensboro, North Carolina) attached to the 24th Infantry Division. [Permanent Orders 248-10, XVIII Airborne Corps, 16 Jan 91 as amended by 250-04, 20 Jan 91]

SCUDWATCH NOTE: (03:30 Al Jubail event. No mention here. Log not opened today until:)

0504 First XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post convoy arrives in Assembly Area MAPLE (MT 465086). [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREP 144 (19 Jan 91)]

0700 Batteries B and C, 2d Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery and Battery E, 3d Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery, drop readiness status to prepare for movement. [Task Force 2-1 Air Defense Artillery SITREP 74 (19 Jan 91)]

0750 Last XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post element closes into Assembly Area MAPLE (MT473086). [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Tactical Command Post SITREPs 144 (19 Jan 91) and 145 (20 Jan 91) which also state that the command post augmented on 20 January by a Small Emplacement Excavator and two additional enlisted personnel]

0816- Iraq launches three SCUD missiles from the Wadi Amij 0829 fixed launch complex (FS 86855312) toward Israel. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 339 which says 0814 was launch time and that they impacted nean Tel Aviv]

0821 Notification received that Iraq launched three SCUD missiles toward Israel.

1000 82d Airborne Division Rear Command Post reports closing into Assembly Area PLUM (LT 613594).

0815Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #8 places the 96th and 644th Transportation Companies (received from USARCENT SUPCOM) under the operational control of the 1st Support Command (Corps) effective 0900Z on 18 January 1991.

1300 3d Armored Cavalry makes contact with 6th (French) Light Armored Division.

1400 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, closed into Camp EAGLE II to prepare for further movement. [101st Airborne Division SITREPS 164 (19 Jan 91) and 165 (20 Jan 91), giving corrected time; XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91, says 1130Z]

1548 Two unidentified individuals in SCUBA equipment are observed in the water near Warehouse #20 in the Port of Dammam; they disappear after being engaged by military police.

1600 Main body of 525th Military Intelligence Brigade departs for north leaving brigade command and control element at King Fahd International Airport. [525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP {109} (19 Jan 91)]

1305Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #9 accepts Company B, 96th Civil Affairs Battalion, from USARCENT and attaches it to the 6th (French) Light Division with the additional specification that it is to provide direct support civil affairs teams to the 46th and 171st Support Groups during Phase II of Operation DESERT STORM.

1330Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #10 directs the transfer of part of the Phase Line RAZOR screening responsibility from the 6th (French) Light Armored Division to the 3d Armored Cavalry effective 1200C on 21 January 1991.

1825 212th Field Artillery Brigade begins receiving jamming on the XVIII Airborne Corps Radio Teletype [RATT] net which lasts past 2217.

2145 XVIII Airborne Corps Main Command Post receives notification from CINCCENT of SCUD launches towards Dhahran from two points.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: The time of this event is the same as at 21:45 January 20th (see above and below) but this event should be recorded on January 20th not January 19th (????????)

This is the day of the Al Jubail incident (see elsewhere), no other record of Scud launches towards Saudi Arabia on this day can be found. This event is not mentioned in the available NBC log.


2155 XVIII Airborne Corps Main Command Post receives notification from CINCCENT of a third SCUD being launched.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: A third missile reported but as above January 19th or 20th (????????)

These attacks are seemingly recorded on the wrong day in this record (or there were more attacks than recorded?).


2259 20th Engineer Brigade reports that the 20th Engineer Battalion has closed into Logistical Base CHARLIE.

2100Z Intratheater airlift C-130 Hercules sorties to date: 2 for the 82d Airborne Division, 84 for the 101st Airborne Division. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 19 Jan 91]

20 January (C+163) (D+3)

SCUDWATCH NOTE: NBC log sheet 3 (17:00-23:30) is available for this day.

----- Six M-551 Sheridans from war reserve stocks are prepositioned at King Khalid Military City. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 166 (20 Jan 91)]

----- 724th Support Battalion (-) and advance detachment of 327th Chemical Company close into Assembly Area HINESVILLE. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 20 Jan 91]

----- Remainder of 196th Field Artillery Brigade advance detachment closes into theater and moves to SANG Compound in Dammam. [XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 20 Jan 91]

----- 18th Aviation Brigade returns aircraft to centralized location at Dhahran West Heliport in preparation for main body deployment to Assembly Area PALM on 22 and 23 January. [18th Aviation Brigade SITREP 104 (20 Jan 91)]

----- 35th Signal Brigade establishes communications with Logistical Base CHARLIE. [35th Signal Brigade SITREP, 20 Jan 91]

----- 422d Civil Affairs Company closes into theater. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 20 Jan 91]

0645Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #11 amends FRAGO #2 to make the release of the 2d Brigade Task Force of the 101st Airborne Division from the tactical control of VII Corps an on order mission. Also amends the boundaries of Assembly Area MAPLE.

1130Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #12 assigns screening responsibilities along Phase Line RAZOR to each major maneuver subordinate command as the element closes into its area of operations.

1520 One OH-58C Kiowa and one UH-1 Iroquois from Troop D, 4th Cavalry, join Task Force VICTORY [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 20 Jan 91]

1930 AH-64 from Company C, 3d Battalion, 227th Aviation (12th Aviation Brigade) has a hard landing in Assembly Area SPRUCE (LT 708504) resulting in two minor injuries.

2145 Notification received from CINCCENT that Iraq launched two SCUD missiles toward Dhahran. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 342 which says that launch was 1845Z, that four probable Al Husseyn missiles were fired at Dhahran from southern Iraq, and that all were shot down]

SCUDWATCH NOTE: 21:45 event as recorded elsewhere.

2155 Notification received from CINCCENT that Iraq launched third SCUD toward Dhahran.

2157 XVIII Airborne Corps Main Command Post hears nearby explosions.

2211 Report received that one SCUD destroyed by air defense artillery.

2218 XVIII Airborne Corps Air Defense Element informed that Batteries A and B, 2d Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery, fired three and two Patriot missiles (respectively), resulting in the destruction of all three SCUDs.

2250 XVIII Airborne Corps Air Defense Element reports that three Patriot missiles were fired, resulting in the destruction of three SCUDs.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: These entries would seem to confirm a three-missile attack against Dhahran at 21:45 on January 20th.

2254 All-clear given at XVIII Airborne Corps Main Command Post.

2100Z Intratheater airlift C-130 Hercules sorties to date: 2 for the 82d Airborne Division, 137 for the 101stAirborne Division. Air flow is slowed by weather problems at Rafha. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 20 Jan 91]

21 January (C+164) (D+4)

SCUDWATCH NOTE: NBC log sheet 3 (07:21-22:35) is available for this day.

---- Troop D, 4th Cavalry, joins Task Force VICTORY. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 21 Jan 91]

---- 24th Infantry Division elements closing into Assembly Area HINESVILLE are Companies A and B, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation; 327th Chemical Company; and the personnel of Company B (-), 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 21 Jan 91]

----- Rear detachment of Headquarters, 18th Personnel Group, and the 425th Personnel Service Company begin moving into Building 204, Khobar Towers. [18th Personnel Group SITREP 112 (21 Jan 91)]

----- 2d Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery (Headquarters and Headquarters Battery and Batteries B and C),Battery E, 3d Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery, and 34th Ordnance Company complete Phase II movement. [Task Force 2-1 Air Defense Artillery SITREPs 75<3> and 76 (20 and 21 Jan 91)]

0042 XVIII Airborne Corps receives notification that Iraq launched six SCUD missiles at Riyadh; subsequently receive notification that Batteries C, D and F, 3d Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery engaged those missiles directed toward Riyadh with 8, 13 and 11 Patriot missiles, respectively, claiming 5, 3 and 6 "kills." Battery A, 2d Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery additionally fired three Patriots as two SCUDs heading toward Dhahran and "killed" both although debris fell on the runways and in Khobar. One remaining SCUD was not engaged as it was falling harmlessly into the sea between Dhahran and Bahrain. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUMs 342 and 343 which state a total of ten SCUDs were launched, five each against Dhahran and Riyadh, and that all were destroyed except one that landed off Bahrain; gives launch time as 2138Z on 20 January]

SCUDWATCH NOTE: Confirmation of a six missile attack against Riyadh. This report might seem to indicate that ten missiles were launched at Saudi Arabia during the 21:45 - 00:50 (00:44-00:52 only?) period, including one which fell into the sea (as has been recorded in the Department of the Navy account above).

It is not clear whether the three missiles fired on January 20th at 21:45 are being included in the 10 mentioned above. A launch time of 2138Z (00:38 local Saudi time) is recorded but this is not reflected in other accounts.

(The above could subsequently lead to an under-count of perhaps three missiles??)


1000 525th Military Intelligence Brigade closes into Assembly Area APPLE (LT 597708). [Also see 525th Military Intelligence Brigade SITREP 111 (21 Jan 91)]

1200 XVIII Airborne Corps receives word that the 6th (French) Light Armored Division went to MOPP-4 at 0525Z due to the triggering of a detector alarm. It is assessed that this represented merely downwind traces from the destroyed storage site at As Salman. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 22 Jan 91]

0900Z 3d Armored Cavalry assumes responsibility for screening along part of Phase Line RAZOR from the 6th (French) Light Armored Division. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 21 Jan 91]

1200 XVIII Airborne Corps elements assume guard responsibilities for Ammunition Supply Points

SKIBBIE (2d Battalion, 18th Field Artillery from Corps Artillery) and HEISER (3d Battalion, 15th Infantry from 24th Infantry Division). [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREP, 21 Jan 91, which says that 2d Battalion, 18th Field Artillery, started movement at 0800; 24th Infantry Division SITREP, 21 Jan 91, which says that 2d Brigade assumed HEISER responsibility at 1200]

1220 Company A, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation (24th Infantry Division) departs its assembly area with six AH-64 and four OH-58C helicopters.

1230 2d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, intratheater air flow from Ab Qaiq to Rafha resumes. [82d AirborneDivision SITREP 167 (21 Jan 91)]

1245 Company B, 1st Battalion, 24th Aviation (24th Infantry Division) departs its assembly area with six AH-64, four OH-58C, and three UH-60 helicopters.

1340 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry (24th Infantry Division) has dismounted infantrymen depart its assembly area in four CH-47D helicopters.

1130Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #13 detaches two XM-93 Fox NBC reconnaissance vehicles and crew from the Reconnaissance Platoon, 92d Chemical Company, from the 82d Airborne Division and attaches them to Dragon Brigade effective 1500Z on 21 January 1991. [Also see 82d Airborne Division SITREP 167 (21 Jan 91)]

1435 Notification received (false track) of three hostile aircraft.

1230Z 18th Field Artillery Brigade closes into Assembly Area OLIVE (LT 666750). [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREPs, 21 and 24 Jan 91; XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery SITREPs, 21 and 22 Jan 91]

1700 Report of four to six transporter-erector-launchers (TELs) in fully erect position detected vicinity of 30-59 North, 43-31 East. Rear Command Post directs that the northern units (Tactical Command Post and Logistical Base CHARLIE) place personnel in Mission Oriented Protective Posture Level 2 (MOPP-2); US Air Force dispatches A-10 aircraft to engage target.

1430Z 101st Airborne Division Main Command Post operational in Assembly Area PEAR. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 21 Jan 91]

2218 Iraq launches one SCUD missile toward Eastern Province coastal area; impacts in water. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 344 which gives launch time as 1918Z and says the lone missile struck 50 kilometers east of Al Jubayl]

SCUDWATCH NOTE: Confirmation of the 22:30 (22:18) January 21st missile event.

1945Z XVIII Airborne Corps Warning Order #1 directs major subordinate maneuver commands to plan deep operations and to conduct those operations after coordination with Corps G-3 Plans directorate.

2100Z Intratheater airlift C-130 Hercules sorties to date: 15 for the 82d Airborne Division, 85 for the 101st Airborne Division. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 21 Jan 91]

22 January (C+165) (D+5)

SCUDWATCH NOTE: NBC log sheets 1 (00:01-05:08) and 2 (x2) (16:20-23:30 and 23:55) are available for this day.

----- Five UH-60 Blackhawks and four OH-58D Kiowas from the 3d Battalion, 24th Aviation and Troops C and D, 2d Squadron, 4th Cavalry, close on Task Force VICTORY. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 22 Jan 91]

----- Aviation Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, helicopters begin self-deployment to tactical assembly area. [101st Airborne Division SITREP 167 (22 Jan 91)]

----- 264th Engineer Battalion and the 362d Engineer Company (both elements of the 36th Engineer Group) close on Task Force VICTORY. [24th Infantry Division SITREP, 21 Jan 91]

----- 35th Signal Brigade establishes tactical telephone communications to the tactical assembly area locations of the 12th Aviation and 44th Medical Brigades. [35th Signal Brigade SITREP, 22 Jan 91]

0001- Iraqi forces destroy Saudi border post at Nisab (29-11 0400 North, 44-43 East) by indirect fire and machine gun fire.

0021 Iraqi artillery begins firing twenty rounds at 29-05 North, 46-38 East.

0341 Iraq launches two SCUD missiles toward Riyadh. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 344 which says two missiles launched at 0041Z towards Riyadh]

0047 Iraq SCUD missile impacts 25-10 North, 46-50 East.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: Not reported elsewhere (???)

0702 Iraq launches four SCUD missiles towards Dhahran.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: Reported above as a three-missile event.

0709 Iraq launches SCUD missiles from vicinity of Qurna (31-04 North, 47-18 East). [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 345 which reports two missiles launched at 0709 and one at 0710]

0739 Battery A, 2d Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery reports one SCUD missile destroyed and that three overflew area.


SCUDWATCH NOTE: Three Scuds noted above at 07:15.

0920 Battery A, 2d Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery reports possible SCUD impact on back side of Dhahran Air Base; nuclear-biological-chemical (NBC) team dispatched to vicinity of VK 147018.

0950 Nine Iraqi SCUD missiles located vicinity 32-12 North, 40-10 East. Air strikes initially destroy three.

1040 Unidentified Iraqi infantry element overruns Saudi border post at NT 840240.

0750Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #14 directs the 18th Personnel Group to attach a postal detachment to the 3d Armored Cavalry not later than 1500Z on 22 January 1991.

1114 Unidentified Iraqi infantry element crosses border vicinity NT 840240.

1248 First ground serial of 2d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division, departs Ab Qaiq. [82d Airborne Division SITREP 168 (22 Jan 91)]

1200Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #15 directs XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery to place one Multiple Launch Rocket System battery in general support reinforcing to the 101st Airborne Division Artillery upon the closure of the unit into Area of Operations PEAR (but not later than 1800C on 26 January 1991).

1549 FROG (Free Rocket Over the Ground) site located vicinity MT 949272 and possible command post vicinity MT 947285.

1600 Saudi Arabian guard post at QU 088281 reported under fire. [XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 346]1620 100 Iraqi armored personnel carriers reported moving south vicinity 29-15 North, 45-45 East.

SCUDWATCH NOTE: No report here of the above (list) mentioned 17:45 January 22nd four-missile Scud attack.

1815 Platoon-sized element of 3d Armored Cavalry engages platoon-sized Iraqi border patrol, resulting in two American wounded in action and six Iraqi prisoners of war. [First ground combat by XVIII Airborne Corps element.] [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 346 which says that the 3d sent a troop which opened fire at 1830 from their Bradleys and then dismounted; reports American loss as three slightly wounded and that six Iraqis were from border guards]

1900 Lead serial of advance detachment of XVIII Airborne Corps Main Command Post departs Dragon City for Assembly Area OAK (New terminal at Rafha Airport). [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 22 Jan 91]

1630Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #16 assigns XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery, the 6th (French) Light Armored Division, and the 12th Aviation Brigade the on order mission to conduct an artillery raid on an Iraqi electronic warfare and direction finding site at 29-52 North, 43-57 East.

1827Z Two SCUDs launched towards Israel; one intercepted, other impacted five miles south of Tel Aviv. [Also see XVIII Airborne Corps INTSUM 346]

2100Z Intratheater airlift C-130 Hercules sorties to date: 45 for the 82d Airborne Division, 202 for the 101st Airborne Division. [XVIII Airborne Corps SITREP, 22 Jan 91]

----- 1st Battalion, 3d Aviation (1st Cavalry Division) is at the forward operating base at Al Qaysumah where the 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division is located. [1st Cavalry Division SITREP 119 (22 Jan 91)]

23 January (C+166) (D+6)

SCUDWATCH NOTE: No original format NBC log sheets are now available until January 26th.

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