The question as to whether or not Iraq actually used chemical weapon-loaded Scud missiles during the 1991 Gulf War is still an open one. Further to this, there still remain outstanding questions about the claims that Iraq possessed illegally-retained Scud Missiles in the period prior to the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. There is no complete record to draw upon and no one organisation has ever been seen to have compiled an exhaustive and comprehensive analysis.

- A review by a former member of the Dhahran Scud Watchers Club

Scud, skud, vi. (scudding, scudded). To run quickly; to run
before a strong wind with little or no sail.

- vt. To pass over quickly.

- n. Act of scudding; loose vapoury clouds.

scud (skud) vi. 1. run fast. 2. run before the wind.

SCUDWATCH was originally conceived as an online attempt to collect together and collate all of the available information relating to Iraq's extensive use of SS-1 SCUD-type ballistic missiles during the 1991 Persian Gulf War in order to form a chronicle of these events.

As part of this research, SCUDWATCH has been attempting to locate and assemble together all of the variously-available international documentation concerning the fate and final disposition of Iraq's allegedly-retained post-1991 Gulf War chemical and biological weapon capable SCUD missile force. These 'weapons of mass destruction' contributed in part to the reasoning behind the 2003 Invasion of Iraq because they were reported to be believed still to exist, and they were at that time proscribed weapons as prohibited and declared illegal by United Nations Security Council Resolution 687.

The collection of relevant information here remains an ongoing historical project in an attempt to accurately record and preserve the full and correct history of these particular military warfare actions.

SCUDWATCH will post notice of site changes and additional content below:

SCUDWATCH Website Notes:

(18 May 2009) - The transformation of the website is now complete. These pages should now view equally well in 1024x768 resolution as well as in 800x600 resolution. The old Blogspot pages have been discarded, and that original site has been reformatted to form a COMMENT page for this website, HERE, and has been linked to from the bottom of the main INDEX page.

(10 March 2009) - The website makeover is now >50% complete. The second half of the sidebar main content is now arranged as twelve individual COMPENDIUM pages, these have all been rewritten in the new style, as have the first six COLLECTION pages. Work will continue to complete the transformation ASAP.

(30 January 2009) - The website makeover is now underway. The INDEX, ABOUT and INTRODUCTION pages have been updated, and the old MISCELLANEA page has been replaced by the new NOTATION and QUOTATION pages, hopefully to better identify their content. A new LATEST page has been created. The site is currently a mix of the old and new styles, which may look a little odd, but hopefully all the links will work properly!

(January 2009) - The SCUDWATCH website will adopt a new style this year, beginning with this page as you are viewing it now. The old format required the use of BLOGGER's online publishing platform, where this website has its roots. This system made page creation very easy, but conversly made updating individual pages somewhat complex and time consuming (because page templates needed uploading individually). The new design is by Andreas Viklund, uses CSS, and was chosen to give the site a clean as is possible appearance. Pages at the far end of the site will be updated first, some new pages will be created (initially linked to only from this page as they are produced), and everything else will get a well-needed spring clean.

(October ~ December 2008) - The FCO have refused release of the sections of Iraq's December 7th 2002 CAFCD which relate to the actual use of Iraq's Scud missiles during the 1991 Gulf War. The decision has been subjected to an FCO internal review, but this has not altered the decision. A new request has been made to determine which parts of Iraq's ballistic missile declaration are contained in the redacted version of the CAFCD, and this information has similarly been refused.

(March ~ September 2008) - Ongoing FCO FOIA correspondence has taken place. Please see SCUDWATCH's FOIA pages for further details.

(22 February 2008) - COLLECTION 3 has been re-edited. A DoD DOCUMENTS page has been added containing items primarily sourced from either the DoD's Gulflink website or the Federation of American Scientists website.

(04 February 2008) - A further response has been received from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. It states that the FCO require more time to consider the balance of public interest relating to this request, insofar as there is a Qualified Exemption being applied to this request (Section 27 - International Relations). The FCO also states that it intends to respond to this request by 03 March 2008 and will further advise if this timescale remains insufficient.

(February 2008) - Further additions have been made to the website. An IMAGERY page has been added, linking to relevant YOUTUBE video footage. The HOME page is to be removed when links to it are superseded by updated pages, the previous content from this page has now been included on the INTRODUCTION page, where it seems best suited. Further content has been added to the MISCELLANEA section. Work will continue to incorporate some of the material currently found in the ADDENDUM page into the main body of the website.

(08 January 2008) - A response has been received from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office acknowledging receipt of the request sent to the UK Permanent Mission to the United Nations.

(03 January 2008) - A follow-up phone call was made to the UK Permanent Mission to the United Nations regarding the FOI request sent to them on 05 November 2007. A reply has been received requesting a re-send, being as the original e-mail cannot be found. The request has now been resent.

(December 2007) - COLLECTION 1 and COLLECTION 2 have been re-edited. Additional material has been collected and is currently being prepared for addition to the website.

(26 November 2007) - A further letter had been received from the Ministry of Defence following on from previous correspondence. The MoD has reiterated its previous response, and no new information has been forthcoming.

A reorganisation of the COLLECTIONS PAGES content has begun following the new ordering of the updated INDEX page. New COLLECTION pages (/coll-01 etc) will be uploaded as they are re-edited, unfortunately as a result of this work the old COLLECTION pages (/coll-1 etc) may now contain slightly differing content when compared to the links on the INDEX, HOME, ABOUT and INTRODUCTION pages. We apologise for any confusion or inconvenience this may cause until such time as this re-editing work is complete.

(15 November 2007) - A letter had been sent to the Ministry of Defence following on from their previous reply which failed to give a satisfactory answer to the question asked.

(11 November 2007) - The website INDEX page (WWW.SCUDWATCH.ORG) has been updated to reflect the increasing content of the site. The main aim here is to represent and arrange the articles in the best possible order. Most of the hyperlinks currently link to the HOME page where many of the articles are grouped into twelve COLLECTIONS, in order to reduce the requirement to reload the INDEX page during browsing. A 2002 IRAQ DISCLOSURE page has been added to the website, this relates to Iraq's 07 December 2002 12,000 page Currently Accurate, Full and Complete Declaration (CAFCD) made to the United Nations.

A FOIA request has been sent to the UK Permanent Mission to the United Nations.

(29 October 2007) - SCUDWATCH has received a further response from the Ministry of Defence. The response states that the primary source for 1991 Gulf War records, namely the Headquarters British Forces Middle East (HQ BFME) War Diaries, cannot be located.

(October 2007) - SCUDWATCH is still awaiting further FOIA correspondence from the Ministry of Defence relating to FOI request #1.

(19 September 2007) - A response has been received from the Ministry of Defence stating that it too does not hold the requested information. A request has been made to The National Archives to determine whether a copy of the requested documents has been is held or has been lodged at Kew - the response states that this is not the case.

(01 August 2007) - FOIA correspondence continues in an effort to gain more information relating to Iraq's 1991 use of Scud missiles. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office states it does not hold the requested information, and advises making a request to the Ministry of Defence. A further request has been made.

(22 July 2007) - A FOIA request has been made to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Correspondence regarding the previous FOIA request to the Ministry of Defence has been sent to the MoD's Veterans Policy Unit - Legacy Health Issues department.

(20 July 2007) - A FOIA response has been received from the Ministry of Defence. It states that the requested information cannot be supplied as the cost of complying with this request would exceed the 600 limit, which is the maximum permitted. The response suggests reducing or refining the request to bring the cost of compliance to below the limit. Another request will be made in an effort to achieve this.

(12 July 2007) - A FOIA response has been received from the Cabinet Office and has been posted on the SCUDWATCH FOIA page. Another FOIA request will shortly be made to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

(17 June 2007) - Two Freedom of Information Act requests have been made for publicly unavailable information concerning Iraq's 1991 use of Scud missiles against Coalition forces in the wider Kuwaiti theater of operations (KTO), one to the Ministry of Defence and one to the Cabinet Office.

(16 June 2007) - The draft SCUDWATCH review mentioned below has now been slightly updated, this version now replaces the previous version. It is available at: ACCOUNTING FOR IRAQ'S MISSING SCUD MISSILES (Externally hosted 544Kb pdf format file).

(June 2007) - A selection of information collected here has been assembled as a historical review, currently in draft form, entitled: ACCOUNTING FOR IRAQ'S MISSING SCUD MISSILES (Externally hosted pdf format document - 541Kb). (N.B. - Link now removed.)

(December 2006) - Content has been added to the ADDENDUM page. SCUDWATCH is now seeking outside expert opinion related to the Scud missile issue and Official Secrets Act concerns.

(October 2006) - The ADDENDUM page has been added along with a new ISG page. Further content has been added to the MISCELLANEA page.

Update: The September revision and re-organisation is complete.

(September 2006) - No response has been received for our initial request for further information. Further requests will be made shortly. The content of this website is currently being slightly revised and reorganised, with further documents and an ADDENDUM page to be added. Until this is work is complete some of the links in the sidebar may be inaccurate.

(01 March 2006) - Fifteenth anniversary of the end of the 1991 Gulf Conflict. Requests for expert analysis and further source documents have been made.

(28 February 2006) - Minor additions of fact have been made in COLLECTION 1.

(14 February 2006) - Further content has been added to the 1991 SCUD COUNTS and MISCELLANEA sections.

(27 January 2006) - A further section - 2000 MoD CWAA Report - has been added.

(24 January 2006) - A further section - SCUDWATCH SUMMARY - has been added.

(17 January 2006) - Fifteenth anniversary of the commencement of Operation Desert Storm.

(08 January 2006) - A new website front page has been added. Home links will be amended accordingly.

(21 December 2005) - The previous COLLECTION 10, now COLLECTION 12, is complete. Further content has been added to the MISCELLANEA section.

(07 December 2005) - COLLECTION 10 has grown beyond reasonable page length so has been reduced in content and transposed with the previous COLLECTION 12. Three new sections - 1991 SCUD COUNTS, JANUARY 20th/21st 1991 and JANUARY 17th/27th 1991 - are under construction.

(30 November 2005) - The structure of the site is complete. All pages are currently complete with the exception of COLLECTION 10, where work continues.

(30 October 2005) - This website has been redesigned to regroup articles in order to shorten excessively long pages. Weblog links removed. Collected articles now to be placed in 12 sections in groups of 5.

(24 September 2005) - Third anniversary of the publication of the British Government's dossier on Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction.

(02 August 2005) - Fifteenth anniversary of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

(15 July 2005) - The weblog articles have been brought forward, corrected where necessary, and regrouped as Collections 1-3. Collections 4 and 5 are being assembled. Collection 6 (an analysis of the previous information) is being collated and will be published in stages. Content has been added to the Miscellanea section.

(30 June 2005) - This new website has grown out of a one month-old weblog. SCUDWATCH is currently bringing forwards 30 articles from that site, as listed in the sidebar. The aim here is to regroup these articles into a preferred order, as opposed to the 'read from the bottom' style of the earlier weblog. For the time being, the article title hyperlinks will link to the original weblog pages. Please note that the 'home' links found on those pages will only navigate within that blog. To return to this website, please use your browser 'back' button instead of the 'home' link. We will place all these articles on this site ASAP, after cleaning up the code.


SCUDWATCH Highlighting Notes:

Scudwatch has highlighted and also occasionally underlined portions of text contained on this site to indicate areas of particular interest; also to assist with the speed-reading of the sometimes long contextual reports contained here. Comments by Scudwatch are indicated by colouration thus and thus dependent of relevance. Text portions of especial interest (primarily political notations) are indicated thus. Times (00:00) and Scud counts (X) are added where required.

SCUDWATCH Copyright Policy:

This review contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorised by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of historical global socio-political warfare related human rights and governmental accountability issues. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material in this review is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for personal, political, educational, and research purposes.

We have, in collating information for this website, collected together a good number of authoritative writings (and images) related to this topic matter. Our intention has been to seek out the best pieces of work in all these areas in order to compile, as far as is possible, a complete and concise history as to these events.

We unreservedly apologise for not asking for permission in advance to reproduce individually copyrighted works, and we would like to thank the various authors and photographers for their individual contributions to this subject area.

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this review for your own purposes that go beyond 'fair use', you must seek and obtain permission from the individual copyright owner.

For further information please see:

We are legally bound to make note here that some of the content contained on this website is subject to UK HM CROWN COPYRIGHT restriction. We are duty bound to inform other third-party users that they are similarly legally bound to note likewise if they further reproduce any part of these documents.


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